Disease and Clinical Medicine, medical science, peer-review journal, open-access journal, indexed journal, international journal

Ethics of publication

Ethics of publication

Quality of life and contributing (QOLAC) Journals is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), including following its Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing. Our journals follow COPE’s procedures for dealing with potentially unethical behavior by authors, reviewers, or editors. All Quality of life and contributing (QOLAC) Journals editorial staff are trained in how to detect and respond to ethical problems.

Details on ethical considerations for submitting papers can be found in the instructions for authors of journals (see here, for example). Quality of life and contributing (QOLAC) Journals has a published policy on Corrections and Retractions.

Ethical issues raised by readers of the journal will be investigated by the editorial office following procedures recommended by COPE. Disputes on the validity of research reported in published papers can be settled by the editorial board. For disputes around authorship, data ownership, author misconduct, etc., where necessary we will refer to external organizations such as a university ethics committee. The authors are asked to respond to any substantiated allegations made against them.

Quality of life and contributing (QOLAC) Journals also follows the rules and regulations set by the ICMJE (The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors). Thus, the authors are requested to prepare their manuscripts accordingly.


According to ICMJE, authorship criteria should be based on-
i) substantial contributions to conception and design of or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
ii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and
iii) final approval of the version to be published.

[Authors should meet conditions i, ii, and iii.]

Before submission, all authors must read and approve the final version of the manuscript. It is a requirement that all authors have been accredited as appropriate upon submission of the manuscript. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under the Acknowledgments section.

Authorship Disputes
To manage authorship disputes we follow ICMJE and COPE guidelines, particularly How to spot authorship problems [PDF]. Typically, if all authors agree, the authorship can be updated via a Correction. If not, we require an authoritative statement from the authors' institution(s) about who qualifies for authorship.

Change in authorship
We do not allow any change in authorship after provisional acceptance. We cannot allow any addition, deletion, or change in the sequence of the author's name. We have this policy to prevent fraud.

Under the Acknowledgement section, please specify contributors to the article other than the authors credited. Please also include specifications of the source of funding for the study and any potential conflict of interests if appropriate. Suppliers of materials should also be named according to their location (town, state/country) included.

Similarity index
We check the plagiarism with the use of iThenticate. To reduce the similarity, please give proper citations and use the words/sentences carefully. JAVAR has a policy of accepting <10% similarity with other published materials, and the matching areas should be dispersed throughout the manuscript.

Ethical approvals for animal experimentation
Experimental Subjects: When experimental animals (All live animals considered experimental when used for the study) are used, the methods section must clearly indicate that adequate measures were taken to minimize pain or discomfort. Experiments should be carried out in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the International Animal Ethics Committee or Institutional ethics committee and in accordance with local laws and regulations. All studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the Material and Methods section identifying the review and ethics committee approval for each study, if applicable. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt as to whether appropriate procedures have been used.

If all or parts of previously published illustrations, tables, etc. are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the Publishers.

Publishing Standards and Guidelines

Quality of life and contributing (QOLAC) Journals follow the following guidelines and standards for its journals:

ICMJE: Medically related MDPI journals follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. The guidelines comprehensively cover all aspects of editing, from how the journal is managed to details about peer review and handling complaints. The majority of the recommendations are not specific to medical journals and are followed by all Quality of life and contributing (QOLAC) Journals.

The CONSORT statement covers the reporting of randomized, controlled trials. We encourage authors to verify their work against the checklist and flow diagram and upload them with their submission.

TOP covers transparency and openness in the reporting of research. Our journals aim to be at level 1 or 2 for all aspects of TOP. Specific requirements vary between journals and can be requested from the editorial office.

PRISMA covers systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The authors are recommended to complete the checklist and flow diagram and include it with their submission.

ARRIVE contains guidelines for reporting in vivo experiments. Authors are recommended to verify their work against the checklist and include it with their submission.

Compliance with the standards and guidelines above will be taken into account during the final decision and any discrepancies should be clearly explained by the authors. We recommend that authors highlight relevant guidelines in their cover letter.